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Concejo Cellar

Concejo Cellar


As it happens with the use of all the new technologies until they are controlled and knows in depth, there are advances and setbacks, successful cases and also unexpected errors to be corrected, as to better understand the operation of a product like Qampo and the work process of the team behind, we will describe next the project in the village of Valoria de la Buena in Valladolid, where the Concejo Cellar is located.

The vine or vine is a plant whose fruit is the grape, its scientific name is Vitis vinifera. It is a shrub constituted by roots, trunk, branches, leaves, flowers and fruit.

It is a woody plant, usually hasing a very long life and being easy to find a centuries-old vine. It has a large apparatus root that takes years to fully develop, therefore it is a crop that can not be easily renewed. The need to keep it alive during the winter or in dry weather makes woody plants more demanding with respect to weather and fertility.

The vine is especially sensitive in its beginnings, you must control all external elements for proper growth and development.

The vine is characterized by large leaves that capture enough oxygen. It is in them where from the oxygen and water, molecules of acids, sugars, etc. are formed to accumulate themselves in the grain of the grape conditioning its flavor.

Edafoclimatic Requirement


In winter, the minimum temperatures that can withstand are up to -20 ° C. There would be serious damage underneath. Therefore, very serious damage would be the death of the buds in the shoots of a year, which is more likely to happen in the young vines and in the vigorous vines.
Heavy frost damage below -2 ° C after sprouting causes severe damage to the crop.

Due to the high value of the vine, we use the artificial fogs and irrigation by sprinkler to fight again the frosts. The second one is really effective but expensive, even if the installation works against the ice, summer irrigation and antiparasitic control medium.

Temperatures that are too high (30-34 ° C), especially if accompanied by dry, hot and dry wind, are temperatures that burn leaves and clusters.


The water management of any crop depends on many factors such as temperature, rain, humidity etc.

The vine has a powerful root system that deepens on the soil and a great power of suction of its roots for which it requires relatively little contribution of water. A rainfall of between 350 and 600 millimeters per year is already adequate for a good wine production quality, so the extraordinary contribution of water through irrigation should be used as a measure of stress reduction, water stress causes reductions in growth of the vine, both in vegetative (root, trunk …) and reproductive organs (berries and clusters), which translates into a decrease in production.

The vine is not a traditional crop because in some moments a certain water deficit is necessary, for example, that favors an increase of sugars in the grape and therefore a higher quality during the final ripening process. In addition, it is necessary to consider that at the moment irrigation is object of controversy since there are authors who defend its greater use while others are more reluctant.

This particular plot has a drip irrigation system, which has the purpose of minimizing the expense of water and energy, reducing the occurrence of diseases and saving manpower, so that the best benefits per hectare can be obtained.


The vine adapts to a lot of types of land. Besides, there is a certain range of porta grafts that enables to adapt to the most varied demands. An important component of the terrain is organic matter:

  • Poor land: < 1,5%
  • Sufficiently gifted: 1,5-2,5%
  • Well-endowed: 2,5-3,5%

The pH indicates the reaction of the soil and is of fundamental importance for the choice of the rootstock, if this is not adequate causes chlorosis in the plant and a continuous use of correctors.

In Spain, this kind of cultivation counts with more than 1 million hectares, which makes it the country with the largest cultivated area of ​​vines in the world, which means an export income of 2.8 million Euros per year.

Climatology of the zone

Valoría la Buena is a village in the central area of ​​Castilla y León in the district of Valladolid. The historical weather data is:

In the image above we can see that the rainfall is 443 mm as we said before the precipitation must be between 350 and 600 mm which allows us to affirm that except for especially dry years will meet the requirements of the crop with respect to total amount. If we look at its distribution, we observe how the rainfall is greater in the Spring months (April, May and June) and Autumn (October, November and December). The greatest water needs for the crop are given during the Spring and early Summer period. This last period should be supported because the needs are still high and the rainfall very punctual or nonexistent.

It should be noted that the region has potential problems with late frost after sprouting.

Regarding the soils, we interpret the data offered by Itacyl for the community (lower image). We observed that the soil characteristics, clay loam with a good amount of organic matter around 2%, regarding pH are basic soils that will produce wines with lower acidity.

Qampo Solutions

After a first study of the plantation frame, the soil type, the irrigation system and the climatology of the area, it was decided to install a Qampo Suelo+ station, which has the following characteristics:

  • Continuous monitoring of temperature and ambient humidity: The hours of cold and heat are counted in the different periods.
  • Pluviometry
  • Irrigation monitoring: Time of beginning and end of irrigation and endowment of irrigation
  • Monitoring of soil moisture and temperature at 3 depths using Sentek Drill and drop sensor
  • Frost Detection Sensor
  • Sheet wetting sensor
  • GPRS wireless communications
  • Datalogger Qbic 8C-GPRS
  • Access to the Qampo display platform


The installation of the Qampo Suelo+ station is made easy thanks to its installation kit. The Qbic 8C-GPRS datalogger features an integrated solar panel, so no power cables are required for installation. On the other hand, it has external IP67 connectors for the connection of the sensors in a simple way. The pluviometer and the temperature sensor are anchored on the pole where the Qbic is also set, all this is done by means of supports and anchors that are part of this kit. For the irrigation monitoring, a volumetric water meter of 15 mm (DN15) diameter is installed perfectly, making use of some adapters for 16 mm pipe.

The sensor chosen for the measurement of humidity and temperature in soil is the Australian manufacturer Sentek, specifically using a tube sensor of the Drill and Drop family of 30 cm, which has 3 sensors for the measurement of soil temperature and the volumetric water content of the soil, each separated by 10 cm. One of the great advantages of this type of sensors is its simple installation, which uses a drill with battery, a drill of 30 cm in length, and a tool to make the drill perpendicular and easy. Once the hole is made, we simply insert the tube sensor and connect it to the Qbic datalogger. The complete installation of the station takes about 45 minutes. Once completed, we turn on the Qbic datalogger with its switch and automatically start system sending the data to the platform, by means of which, we can configure the measurement time of the data coming from the sensors.



Once the station is installed, we connect it to the Qampo web platform to add the data of the frame of the plantation, the irrigation system, and data on the crop, in this case the Vine. I In this way, we can obtain an initial recommendation of irrigation based on the calculation of ETo (Evapotranspiration), also based on the climatological data of the area and the state of development of the crop. This first recommendation of irrigation is compared with the farmer’s irrigation data to improve decision making.

Once the irrigation routine is applied through the Qampo platform, it is possible to monitor the data of the soil moisture sensors in real-time, and thus to adjust the irrigation dynamics to the exact needs of the crop. As we have already mentioned, the station incorporates a rain gauge through which we can know exactly the amount of rainfall that has occurred over the time, being registered in the web platform, in order to adjust the need for irrigation to the local weather. The sensor of temperature and humidity enables us to know the hours of cold and heat in the crop, which enables us to make decisions in advance, and also to maintain a record of the climate during the development of the crop.

In addition to the sensors discussed above, we have been installed two more, these are:

  • Frost detector: this sensor imitates a leaf and monitors the temperature drop in real-time, so it sends an alert by sms or email if the probability of frost is high. There is also the possibility that the device automatically switches an electrovalve or relay to activate the anti-freeze system if it existed.
  • Leaf wetting:

Benefits of Qampo:

The Qampo Suelo+ 8C station offers important advantages and amenities to the farmer:

  • Knowing when and how much to water specifically, taking into account the weather conditions, and the time of development of the crop. All of this will be extremely easy for the farmer.
  • Having a record of irrigations and rains throughout the campaign. To know exactly how many cubic meters per hectare have been watered in the campaign and how they have been distributed over the months, weeks or days. To know how much it has rained every month, every week or every day. All of this will be automatically and consultable at any time by the farmer.
  • Knowing the exact weather conditions of the plot and to be able to analyze them in a historical way. To extract data, such as the hours of cold and heat to be able to make decisions in advance, or improvements in the next planting.
  • Having all the information accessible in a practical and simple way.
  • Possibility to define alerts from data of all measured parameters
  • Preventing frost risks in real-time
  • Predicting appearance of different diseases in the vine
  • Having historical data to improve decision making